Analyze

law.columbia.edu: Discover Columbia Law.

Page load speed analysis

  • 62/100

    Normal result
  • 7

    Successful tests
  • 1

    Failed test
  • First response

    61 ms

  • Resources loaded

    2.6 sec

  • Page rendered

    144 ms

  • Total page load time

    2.8 sec

Click here to check amazing Law Columbia content for United States. Otherwise, check out these important facts you probably never knew about law.columbia.edu

We analyzed Law.columbia.edu page load time and found that the first response time was 61 ms and then it took 2.7 sec to load all DOM resources and completely render a web page. This is quite a good result, as only 45% of websites can load faster.

Page optimization

  • HTML 59.7 kB
    Images 330.2 kB
    Javascripts 210.7 kB
    CSS 434.7 kB

    In fact, the total size of Law.columbia.edu main page is 1.0 MB. This result falls beyond the top 1M of websites and identifies a large and not optimized web page that may take ages to load. 40% of websites need less resources to load. CSS take 434.7 kB which makes up the majority of the site volume.

    • Original 59.7 kB
    • After minification 46.1 kB
    • After compression 11.0 kB

    HTML optimization

    HTML content can be minified and compressed by a website’s server. The most efficient way is to compress content using GZIP which reduces data amount travelling through the network between server and browser. This page needs HTML code to be minified as it can gain 13.6 kB, which is 23% of the original size. It is highly recommended that content of this web page should be compressed using GZIP, as it can save up to 48.7 kB or 82% of the original size.

    • Original 330.2 kB
    • After optimization 286.6 kB

    Image optimization

    Image size optimization can help to speed up a website loading time. The chart above shows the difference between the size before and after optimization. Obviously, Law Columbia needs image optimization as it can save up to 43.6 kB or 13% of the original volume. The most popular and efficient tools for JPEG and PNG image optimization are Jpegoptim and PNG Crush.

    • Original 210.7 kB
    • After minification 171.8 kB
    • After compression 50.4 kB

    JavaScript optimization

    It’s better to minify JavaScript in order to improve website performance. The diagram shows the current total size of all JavaScript files against the prospective JavaScript size after its minification and compression. It is highly recommended that all JavaScript files should be compressed and minified as it can save up to 160.3 kB or 76% of the original size.

    • Original 434.7 kB
    • After minification 419.0 kB
    • After compression 265.0 kB

    CSS optimization

    CSS files minification is very important to reduce a web page rendering time. The faster CSS files can load, the earlier a page can be rendered. Law.columbia.edu needs all CSS files to be minified and compressed as it can save up to 169.7 kB or 39% of the original size.

Network requests diagram

  • law.columbia.edu
  • www.law.columbia.edu
  • calendar.css
  • all.css
  • vnews.css
  • fonts.css
  • fe4c1d15-8dbe-47be-b69b-fae9fb25ea92.css
  • home.css
  • editmode_lite.js
  • tabs.js
  • jquery.min.js
  • typogr.min.js
  • basicpatternscripts.js
  • stringUtils.js
  • swfobject.js
  • calendar-local.css
  • prototype-1.6.js
  • tabswitch.js
  • validateSearch.js
  • E75EEEC73A7B1547D.css
  • font-awesome.css
  • ga.js
  • v.gif
  • side-link-rules.gif
  • 33f4c52e-5301-0000-0080-e470a4372e44.jpg
  • 101e9b1f-5301-0000-0080-e470a4372e44.jpg
  • d3136215-5301-0000-0080-e470a4372e44.jpg
  • bf212acd-5201-0000-0080-e470a4372e44.jpg
  • 1b550ba3-5201-0000-0080-e470a4372e44.jpg
  • 9cc78a2e-5301-0000-0080-e470a4372e44.jpg
  • 4d63fe2d-5301-0000-0080-e470a4372e44.jpg
  • bg-from-the-magazine.gif
  • nelson-small-abstract.jpg
  • shim.gif
  • btn-reunion-2016.png
  • btn-go.gif
  • bg-content.gif
  • text-stories.gif
  • digit-1.gif
  • digit-2.gif
  • digit-3.gif
  • digit-4.gif
  • digit-5.gif
  • __utm.gif
  • 23KnxvyRpQ=
  • guEMr3UDwC9ojdRnYwSJKVHSjZh7wnoA72KPvEBX0RJApDhPnGD5XxJaylvVJ6K+ocLw+9eMxmorIDPhNa412GMOWDFIPOBX55EgqBNMgo9ijcET65UMde1WShRHbCS8QpcexcF5TefJbg0XO0ZVWmAHcq25edXNON6dyyYfhjn0urqc3uLi+hCxNZ+HwXD+tmPhpEnnykDj3lnGUzH4vPmmahRymx+CP9VlVhtDVgkYyNH+PYPFAAyEvLX4FJYma0XnXWuG4KAdKLs6Th4LTosbzW5+2ejL9bYqfLIxGmA==
  • 4CLHhGmA==
  • qNKuKLIzYzniBKD3NheOaKpLfGiwLjq6ywozg3nTzpptjunksl2Jc7jTn8nr+gpPrU8jTNAvpmaXPKyZ+nkSRPBQuvGUcJbPfy8+adiFhU9F81YZMftwkgz8RLyo0hL4RtJ5xETsEi3taDnnpElBQkcAZve86KxwX1UjPxUXy0Hw+tPH4DUAnfDLfPOVPXMdLAA==
  • wCfjNLCA==
  • ELsH1LFA==
  • wCbX1LBA==
  • ES8qNIS+EbSecRE7BIt7Wg556RJQUJHAGb3vOiscF9VIz8VF8tB8PrTx+A1AJ3wy3zzlT1zHSwA=
  • wCfjNLCA==
  • xC7B9SxQ=
  • wCbX1LBA==
  • fontawesome-webfont.woff
  • 4CLHhGmA==
  • 1WVWG0NWCRjI0f49g8UADIS8tfgUliZrRedda4bgoB0ouzpOHgtOixvNbn7Z6Mv1tip8sjEaY
  • 1WVWG0DeCRjI2f4dgcU8DIS8tfgUViZrReddZ4bioRkouLpKHgvOixtNbn7Z6Mv9typ8b8kaU
  • small-right-grey-arrow.gif
  • h2-explore-courses.gif
  • h2-academic-program.gif
  • side-tab-programs.gif
  • side-tab-curriculum.gif
  • side-tab-registrar.gif
  • blue-small-right-arrow.gif
  • side-link-centres-and-programs.gif
  • side-link-clinics.gif
  • side-link-graduate-legal-studies.gif
  • side-link-international-programs.gif
  • side-link-juris-doctor-program.gif
  • columbia-law-journals.gif
  • side-link-moot-court.gif
  • side-link-public-interset-law.gif
  • side-link-workshops.gif
  • h2-careers-revised.gif
  • aba-required-disclosures.png
  • logo.gif
  • topmenu-about1.gif
  • topmenu-separator.gif
  • topmenu-academics.gif
  • topmenu-calendars.gif
  • topmenu-programs.gif
  • topmenu-news.gif
  • topmenu-giving.gif
  • bg-menu-search.gif
  • menu-admissions.png
  • menu-separator.gif
  • menu-students.png
  • menu-faculty.png
  • menu-alumni.png
  • menu-careers.png
  • menu-library.png
  • text-search.gif
  • footer-separator.gif

Our browser made a total of 95 requests to load all elements on the main page. We found that 76% of them (72 requests) were addressed to the original Law.columbia.edu, 15% (14 requests) were made to and 2% (2 requests) were made to Netdna.bootstrapcdn.com. The less responsive or slowest element that took the longest time to load (1.5 sec) belongs to the original domain Law.columbia.edu.

Additional info on law.columbia.edu

Requests

The browser has sent 77 CSS, Javascripts, AJAX and image requests in order to completely render the main page of Law Columbia. We recommend that multiple CSS and JavaScript files should be merged into one by each type, as it can help reduce assets requests from 11 to 1 for JavaScripts and from 8 to 1 for CSS and as a result speed up the page load time.

11

Javascripts

58

Images

8

CSS

77

All

Possible request optimization

1

Javascripts

25

Images

1

CSS

50

Optimized

27

All

Normal result

Redirects

As for redirects, our browser was forwarded to http://www.law.columbia.edu/ before it reached this domain.

IP address

This IP address is dedicated to Law.columbia.edu. This is the best domain hosting practice .

Normal result

IP Trace

law.columbia.edu

34.200.153.108

52.207.14.43

DNS records

Type Host Target/ip TTL Other
A

law.columbia.edu

34.200.153.108 60
A

law.columbia.edu

52.207.14.43 60
NS

law.columbia.edu

virtenki.law.columbia.edu 300
NS

law.columbia.edu

virtea.law.columbia.edu 300
SOA

law.columbia.edu

300 Mname: virtenki.law.columbia.edu
Rname: hostmaster.law.columbia.edu
Serial: 10211
Refresh: 28800
Retry: 3600
Expire: 604800
Minimum-ttl: 86400

Language and encoding

Normal result

Language

EN en language flag

Detected

EN en language flag

Claimed

Encoding

ISO-8859-1

Claimed

Language claimed in HTML meta tag should match the language actually used on the web page. Otherwise Law.columbia.edu can be misinterpreted by Google and other search engines. Our service has detected that English is used on the page, and it matches the claimed language. Our system also found out that Law.columbia.edu main page’s claimed encoding is iso-8859-1. Changing it to UTF-8 can be a good choice, as this format is commonly used for encoding all over the web and thus their visitors won’t have any troubles with symbol transcription or reading.

HTTPS certificate

SSL Certificate

Law.columbia.edu has no SSL certificate. Web browsing can be safer with HTTPS connection, so we suggest that it should be obtained for this site.

Normal result

Visitor World Map

Country of origin for 54.9% of all visits is United States. It’s good for Law.columbia.edu that their server is also located in United States, as that enables the majority of their visitors to benefit from a much faster page load time.

Good result

Poor result

Social Sharing Optimization

Open Graph description is not detected on the main page of Law Columbia. Lack of Open Graph description can be counter-productive for their social media presence, as such a description allows converting a website homepage (or other pages) into good-looking, rich and well-structured posts, when it is being shared on Facebook and other social media. For example, adding the following code snippet into HTML <head> tag will help to represent this web page correctly in social networks:

law.columbia.edu

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