Report Summary

  • 94

    Performance

    Renders faster than
    93% of other websites

  • 84

    Accessibility

    Visual factors better than
    that of 58% of websites

  • 75

    Best Practices

    More advanced features
    available than in
    36% of websites

  • 67

    SEO

    Google-friendlier than
    25% of websites

pii.law.harvard.edu

Program on Institutional Investors at Harvard Law School

Page Load Speed

1.2 sec in total

First Response

224 ms

Resources Loaded

904 ms

Page Rendered

80 ms

pii.law.harvard.edu screenshot

About Website

Visit pii.law.harvard.edu now to see the best up-to-date Pii Law Harvard content for United States and also check out these interesting facts you probably never knew about pii.law.harvard.edu

The Program on Institutional Investors at Harvard Law School seeks to contribute to research, policy-making, discourse, and education with respect to institutional investors. 

Visit pii.law.harvard.edu

Key Findings

We analyzed Pii.law.harvard.edu page load time and found that the first response time was 224 ms and then it took 984 ms to load all DOM resources and completely render a web page. This is quite a good result, as only 15% of websites can load faster.

Performance Metrics

pii.law.harvard.edu performance score

94

Measured Metrics

name

value

score

weighting

FCP (First Contentful Paint)

Value2.0 s

85/100

10%

LCP (Largest Contentful Paint)

Value2.7 s

85/100

25%

SI (Speed Index)

Value2.0 s

99/100

10%

TBT (Total Blocking Time)

Value40 ms

100/100

30%

CLS (Cumulative Layout Shift)

Value0.023

100/100

15%

TTI (Time to Interactive)

Value2.7 s

97/100

10%

Network Requests Diagram

pii.law.harvard.edu

224 ms

www.pii.law.harvard.edu

357 ms

style.css

82 ms

ga.js

19 ms

bg.jpg

82 ms

Our browser made a total of 8 requests to load all elements on the main page. We found that 75% of them (6 requests) were addressed to the original Pii.law.harvard.edu, 25% (2 requests) were made to Ssl.google-analytics.com. The less responsive or slowest element that took the longest time to load (357 ms) belongs to the original domain Pii.law.harvard.edu.

Page Optimization Overview & Recommendations

Page size can be reduced by 3.3 kB (14%)

Content Size

23.8 kB

After Optimization

20.5 kB

In fact, the total size of Pii.law.harvard.edu main page is 23.8 kB. This result falls within a vast category (top 1 000 000) of heavyweight, probably not optimized, and thus slow loading web pages. Only 5% of websites need less resources to load. Javascripts take 17.2 kB which makes up the majority of the site volume.

HTML Optimization

-64%

Potential reduce by 3.1 kB

  • Original 4.9 kB
  • After minification 4.8 kB
  • After compression 1.8 kB

HTML content can be minified and compressed by a website’s server. The most efficient way is to compress content using GZIP which reduces data amount travelling through the network between server and browser. HTML code on this page is well minified. It is highly recommended that content of this web page should be compressed using GZIP, as it can save up to 3.1 kB or 64% of the original size.

Image Optimization

-0%

Potential reduce by 0 B

  • Original 1.2 kB
  • After minification 1.2 kB

Image size optimization can help to speed up a website loading time. The chart above shows the difference between the size before and after optimization. Pii Law Harvard images are well optimized though.

JavaScript Optimization

-0%

Potential reduce by 34 B

  • Original 17.2 kB
  • After minification 17.2 kB
  • After compression 17.1 kB

It’s better to minify JavaScript in order to improve website performance. The diagram shows the current total size of all JavaScript files against the prospective JavaScript size after its minification and compression. This website has mostly compressed JavaScripts.

CSS Optimization

-20%

Potential reduce by 114 B

  • Original 575 B
  • After minification 575 B
  • After compression 461 B

CSS files minification is very important to reduce a web page rendering time. The faster CSS files can load, the earlier a page can be rendered. Pii.law.harvard.edu needs all CSS files to be minified and compressed as it can save up to 114 B or 20% of the original size.

Requests Breakdown

We found no issues to fix!

Requests Now

6

After Optimization

6

The browser has sent 6 CSS, Javascripts, AJAX and image requests in order to completely render the main page of Pii Law Harvard. According to our analytics all requests are already optimized.

Accessibility Review

pii.law.harvard.edu accessibility score

84

Accessibility Issues

Internationalization and localization

These are opportunities to improve the interpretation of your content by users in different locales.

Impact

Issue

High

<html> element does not have a [lang] attribute

Names and labels

These are opportunities to improve the semantics of the controls in your application. This may enhance the experience for users of assistive technology, like a screen reader.

Impact

Issue

High

<object> elements do not have alternate text

Best Practices

pii.law.harvard.edu best practices score

75

Areas of Improvement

Trust and Safety

Impact

Issue

High

Does not use HTTPS

Low

Ensure CSP is effective against XSS attacks

User Experience

Impact

Issue

High

Serves images with low resolution

SEO Factors

pii.law.harvard.edu SEO score

67

Search Engine Optimization Advices

Content Best Practices

Format your HTML in a way that enables crawlers to better understand your app’s content.

Impact

Issue

High

Links do not have descriptive text

Language and Encoding

  • Language Detected

    EN

  • Language Claimed

    N/A

  • Encoding

    ISO-8859-1

Language claimed in HTML meta tag should match the language actually used on the web page. Otherwise Pii.law.harvard.edu can be misinterpreted by Google and other search engines. Our service has detected that English is used on the page, and neither this language nor any other was claimed in <html> or <meta> tags. Our system also found out that Pii.law.harvard.edu main page’s claimed encoding is iso-8859-1. Changing it to UTF-8 can be a good choice, as this format is commonly used for encoding all over the web and thus their visitors won’t have any troubles with symbol transcription or reading.

Social Sharing Optimization

Open Graph description is not detected on the main page of Pii Law Harvard. Lack of Open Graph description can be counter-productive for their social media presence, as such a description allows converting a website homepage (or other pages) into good-looking, rich and well-structured posts, when it is being shared on Facebook and other social media. For example, adding the following code snippet into HTML <head> tag will help to represent this web page correctly in social networks: