Report Summary

  • 82

    Performance

    Renders faster than
    87% of other websites

  • 72

    Accessibility

    Visual factors better than
    that of 38% of websites

  • 67

    Best Practices

    More advanced features
    available than in
    24% of websites

  • 96

    SEO

    Google-friendlier than
    91% of websites

phonologist.org

Michael Becker (linguist, UMass Amherst)

Page Load Speed

945 ms in total

First Response

54 ms

Resources Loaded

153 ms

Page Rendered

738 ms

phonologist.org screenshot

About Website

Click here to check amazing Phonologist content. Otherwise, check out these important facts you probably never knew about phonologist.org

Michael Becker's homepage

Visit phonologist.org

Key Findings

We analyzed Phonologist.org page load time and found that the first response time was 54 ms and then it took 891 ms to load all DOM resources and completely render a web page. This is quite a good result, as only 15% of websites can load faster.

Performance Metrics

phonologist.org performance score

82

Measured Metrics

name

value

score

weighting

FCP (First Contentful Paint)

Value1.7 s

92/100

10%

LCP (Largest Contentful Paint)

Value4.7 s

33/100

25%

SI (Speed Index)

Value1.7 s

100/100

10%

TBT (Total Blocking Time)

Value0 ms

100/100

30%

CLS (Cumulative Layout Shift)

Value0

100/100

15%

TTI (Time to Interactive)

Value1.7 s

100/100

10%

Network Requests Diagram

phonologist.org

54 ms

phonologist.org

48 ms

michael.css

10 ms

michael2022.png

37 ms

urchin.js

7 ms

Our browser made a total of 6 requests to load all elements on the main page. We found that 67% of them (4 requests) were addressed to the original Phonologist.org, 17% (1 request) were made to Google-analytics.com and 17% (1 request) were made to Ssl.google-analytics.com. The less responsive or slowest element that took the longest time to load (54 ms) belongs to the original domain Phonologist.org.

Page Optimization Overview & Recommendations

Page size can be reduced by 183.4 kB (28%)

Content Size

656.4 kB

After Optimization

473.0 kB

In fact, the total size of Phonologist.org main page is 656.4 kB. This result falls beyond the top 1M of websites and identifies a large and not optimized web page that may take ages to load. Only 5% of websites need less resources to load. Images take 620.4 kB which makes up the majority of the site volume.

HTML Optimization

-72%

Potential reduce by 19.7 kB

  • Original 27.3 kB
  • After minification 26.5 kB
  • After compression 7.6 kB

HTML content can be minified and compressed by a website’s server. The most efficient way is to compress content using GZIP which reduces data amount travelling through the network between server and browser. HTML code on this page is well minified. It is highly recommended that content of this web page should be compressed using GZIP, as it can save up to 19.7 kB or 72% of the original size.

Image Optimization

-26%

Potential reduce by 161.5 kB

  • Original 620.4 kB
  • After minification 458.9 kB

Image size optimization can help to speed up a website loading time. The chart above shows the difference between the size before and after optimization. Obviously, Phonologist needs image optimization as it can save up to 161.5 kB or 26% of the original volume. The most popular and efficient tools for JPEG and PNG image optimization are Jpegoptim and PNG Crush.

JavaScript Optimization

-14%

Potential reduce by 971 B

  • Original 6.8 kB
  • After minification 6.8 kB
  • After compression 5.9 kB

It’s better to minify JavaScript in order to improve website performance. The diagram shows the current total size of all JavaScript files against the prospective JavaScript size after its minification and compression. It is highly recommended that all JavaScript files should be compressed and minified as it can save up to 971 B or 14% of the original size.

CSS Optimization

-69%

Potential reduce by 1.3 kB

  • Original 1.9 kB
  • After minification 1.3 kB
  • After compression 569 B

CSS files minification is very important to reduce a web page rendering time. The faster CSS files can load, the earlier a page can be rendered. Phonologist.org needs all CSS files to be minified and compressed as it can save up to 1.3 kB or 69% of the original size.

Requests Breakdown

We found no issues to fix!

Requests Now

4

After Optimization

4

The browser has sent 4 CSS, Javascripts, AJAX and image requests in order to completely render the main page of Phonologist. According to our analytics all requests are already optimized.

Accessibility Review

phonologist.org accessibility score

72

Accessibility Issues

Navigation

These are opportunities to improve keyboard navigation in your application.

Impact

Issue

High

Heading elements are not in a sequentially-descending order

Internationalization and localization

These are opportunities to improve the interpretation of your content by users in different locales.

Impact

Issue

High

<html> element does not have a [lang] attribute

Best practices

These items highlight common accessibility best practices.

Impact

Issue

High

[user-scalable="no"] is used in the <meta name="viewport"> element or the [maximum-scale] attribute is less than 5.

Best Practices

phonologist.org best practices score

67

Areas of Improvement

Trust and Safety

Impact

Issue

High

Does not use HTTPS

Low

Ensure CSP is effective against XSS attacks

General

Impact

Issue

High

Browser errors were logged to the console

High

Issues were logged in the Issues panel in Chrome Devtools

SEO Factors

phonologist.org SEO score

96

Search Engine Optimization Advices

Mobile Friendly

Make sure your pages are mobile friendly so users don’t have to pinch or zoom in order to read the content pages. [Learn more](https://developers.google.com/search/mobile-sites/).

Impact

Issue

High

Document uses legible font sizes

High

Tap targets are not sized appropriately

Language and Encoding

  • Language Detected

    EN

  • Language Claimed

    N/A

  • Encoding

    UTF-8

Language claimed in HTML meta tag should match the language actually used on the web page. Otherwise Phonologist.org can be misinterpreted by Google and other search engines. Our service has detected that English is used on the page, and neither this language nor any other was claimed in <html> or <meta> tags. Our system also found out that Phonologist.org main page’s claimed encoding is utf-8. Use of this encoding format is the best practice as the main page visitors from all over the world won’t have any issues with symbol transcription.

Social Sharing Optimization

Open Graph description is not detected on the main page of Phonologist. Lack of Open Graph description can be counter-productive for their social media presence, as such a description allows converting a website homepage (or other pages) into good-looking, rich and well-structured posts, when it is being shared on Facebook and other social media. For example, adding the following code snippet into HTML <head> tag will help to represent this web page correctly in social networks: